Adventure Guide to America’s Newest National Park: New River Gorge

Due to the December COVID-19 stimulus package, today the National Park Service provides gold standard financial support to a portion of West Virginia’s New River Gorge, offering world-class rock climbing, rafting, hiking, and mountain biking. The New River Gorge is the America’s 63rd National Park.

In late 2020, Congress approved converting 7,021 acres in the middle of the 73,000-acre New River Gorge Preserve into a National Park, with the stimulus package improving facilities to support an estimated 20 percent increase in tourism. The funding also supports the purchase of 100 acres from local landowners for trail access and improved parking. The remaining 65,000 acres in the Preserve are designated for backcountry hunting.

Located in the southeastern corner of West Virginia in the Appalachian Mountains, the park is within a five-hour drive to major cities: Charlotte, NC; Louisville, KY; Columbus, Ohio; and Washington, D.C.

“In 2020, we had an explosion of visitation here,” says Kenny Parker, owner and operator of the specialty climbing shop and guide service Waterstone Outdoors in Fayetteville, West Virginia. “Getting National Park status will add more fuel to the fire.”

Today’s annual visitation to the “New” includes 1 million people, many coming for outdoor adventures and scenic drives. The Gorge contains more than 50 miles of whitewater up to Class V. It also includes 1,400 climbing routes (both sport and traditionally protected) on bullet-hard sandstone. The New York Times reports routes here “rank among the best in the East Coast for rock climbing.” New River Gorge also contains 13 miles of newly constructed mountain bike trails.

Climbing in New River Gorge National Park
Matt Childers

Climbing at New River Gorge

In 1978, the Department of the Interior designated the New River Gorge a national river. Quickly, whitewater rafting put the New on the map. Climbing soon followed in the 1980s. Climbing is what brought Parker to the area where he’s authored hundreds of first ascents. Due to the vast size of the park and never-ending cliffsides, he compares it to Yosemite Valley in grandeur. “In the early days, no one knew climbing was going on here,” he says. “Today, climbing is the largest user group.”

Parker credits the popularity of the climbing at the New with a spillover of the many climbing gyms popping up in surrounding states. Though, with few beginner routes in the Gorge, he says the New is best suited for moderate to expert climbers. “The rock is consistently good and it’s as hard as granite. And it’s as diverse as it gets: steep faces, slabs, super overhanging, roofs, cracks of every width.”

“I think it’s the best cragging (single-pitch routes) in the country that I’ve been to,” says local climber Matt Childers. “I love Fayetteville and it’s near and dear to my heart. I think these changes are a great thing that will be good for the economy.”

April through June, and October through December is best for rock climbing. Winter months and early spring bring heavy rain, and summers are too hot, but then it’s perfect for whitewater rafting and mountain biking.

Rafting, BASE jumping, and mountain biking

Rafting in New River Gorge National Park
Courtesy of Jay Young/Adventures on the Gorge

Seven rafting outfitters operate in the New, including the largest, Adventures on the Gorge, which also offers a restaurant, cabins, zip lines, guided whitewater rafting, climbing/rappelling, and fishing.

Boating in the New includes 53 miles of free-flowing water. The upper part (southern geographically) offers primarily calm water and open pools with rapids up to Class III. The lower (northern), called Lower Gorge, has Class III-V whitewater with “colossal rapids,” says NPS. Rafting season extends from April to October.

Rafting in New River Gorge National Park
Courtesy of Jay Young/Adventures on the Gorge

West Virginia’s largest festival is the annual BASE-jumping event Bridge Day, which takes place on the third Saturday in October. In 2019 (pre-COVID), it attracted 100,000 visitors. That year, 300 jumpers leaped 876 feet from the New River Gorge Bridge in Fayetteville. That is in addition to the 900 adventurers who rappelled to the ground. Others chose zip-lining from the steel span, riding the line 700 feet down from the bridge catwalk to Fayette Station Road.

Mountain biking in the New includes the 12.8-mile Arrowhead Trails, a stacked looped system built by 1,000 Boy Scouts in 2011. Their effort included 78,544 volunteer hours. According to, the effort was “one of the largest youth service projects in National Park Service history.”


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